How to write the “result section” of an article?

How to write the “result section” of an article?

The result section of an article describes to the reader the outcome and finding of the research in a clear and concise manner. It is the reflection of the “method section”. It explains what the authors found from the research. The function of the result section is to objectively present the text result without interpretation. The results are presented in an order which is in a logical sequence using text, tables and figures. The tables and figures are helpful to summarize a large amount of data and to visualize the important results.
The result section is written concisely and objectively. It generally starts with the description of recruitment or response of participants or procedures by which data was obtained for analysis. In a randomized controlled trial, it is better to present a flow chart of recruitment procedure and response of patient to treatment. Mentioning the details of participants excluded or included should be mentioned. Any dropouts (if any harm by technique), adverse effects and drawbacks should be mentioned. CONSORT statement should be followed.

TABLES AND FIGURES
It is the effective way of presenting the findings of a study. It provides the reader more information reflecting key findings and overview of study results. Each content and data should be correct and readable with informative title, describing shortly on content of the table. The title of the figure is mentioned at its bottom.

PRESENTING THE RESULTS
• The result presented in a logical manner is clearer and easier to understand.
• Organize the result section based on sequence of tables and figures you will include. (Eg: chronological order)
• It should provide answers to the questions investigated in the research and provide clarifying information.
• Do not forget to include negative results.
• Result section end up on passive voice but conscious use of active voice can be found.

DATA VS RESULT
Data are facts and numbers presented in tables and figures as a raw data or a summarized data whereas the result is a statement in the main text that summarizes or explains the data. It restates key piece of a data or a text.

CONSISTENCY OF RESULTS WITH OTHER SECTIONS
Check if result section is consistent with all of other sections:
• Result should mention the procedure or the method by which experiment was conducted.
• Result should be discussed in the discussion section.
• Result should be highlighted in the abstract of the article.
• Results are related to the study question, hypothesis or objectives in the introduction.

Summary:
In the result section you can describe what the data shows but not interpretate it as it is done in discussion section. Result section presents the result of the research effectively using both tables and figures highlighting the key findings and facts. Adverse events or the side effect of the treatment should be recorded so that it can be considered in clinical use.

About Kajal Thapa:
Kajal is a BPT 2nd year student studying in KUSMS. She has special interests in neurology and musculoskeletal physiotherapy. She was drawn to becoming a physio the first time she heard about Physiotherapy. She is determined to be a good physiotherapist and is keen to develop physiotherapy as a profession in her country. Kajal is a fun loving person, loves listening to music, dancing, travelling new places with friends and watching movies.
Kajal Thapa

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