Pilot-testing and field testing sound similar and many recall both to be the same and use them interchangeably. However, there are distinct differences between the two.
Pilot-testing is a qualitative inquiry on one or more small sample(s) representative of the population.
Field testing on the other hand is a quantitative analysis done on […]
Patient Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) is one of the most frequently used outcome measures to assess physical function in individuals with musculoskeletal pain conditions. It is an easy to use measure because it only asks patients three to five items that they find difficulty doing on a scale of 0 to 10. As patients choose […]
Different measures exist to assess intensity of pain which are suited for different individuals based on age, education and culture. Read this previous blog on different measures for assessment of pain intensities. They are translated and adapted to assess pain intensity in Nepalese with pain.
Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common condition of the knee that is characterized by the pain behind and around the patella. It is present in 7 – 28% of population and is slightly more common in women. As different researchers define the condition differently in their research, so do the clinicians. This results in difference […]
Outcome measures are really important aspects of any practices in health care system. For example, vital signs are routinely assessed in patients admitted in hospital; e.g., temperature, respiratory rate, pulse rate and blood pressure. These are very important to assess the condition of a patient and now is an established rule. Prognosis of the patient […]
Discussion generally summarizes the main findings of the current research work and compares and contrasts with the previous work and finally explains the clinical implication of the current work with the limitations the current work had.
Discussion section of a scientific paper can be compared with a closing argument during a legal case discussion […]
Low back pain (LBP) is a heterogeneous disorder including patients with dominant nociceptive (e.g., myofascial LBP), neuropathic (e.g., lumbar radiculopathy), and central sensitization pain . Nociceptive pain is defined as “pain arising from actual or threatening damage to non-neural tissue and is due to the activation of nociceptors, or as pain attributable to the activation […]
The experience of pain is a complex interplay between psychological, biological, and cultural factors . Individual who experience pain from any surgical procedure or from any injury to the tissue tends to distress or pain. But question arises why the person with same type of injury or surgery tend to have different level of pain […]
After a very interesting discussion on exercise prescription for chronic low back pain on a previous post on chronic pain, I received an invitation to write a blog on exercises for chronic pain which I accepted to write. For writing this blog, I performed a narrative review of literature and summarized the evidences […]
When a patient comes to us, he/ she almost always explains their problems in terms of the functions. For example: “I cannot comb my hair due to pain”, “I cannot walk”, I can’t climb the stairs because of pain” etc. Function is really important to a patient, and so it should be for a physiotherapist […]
History of pain management suggests strong value of focusing on pain intensity as the goal of treatment. This is true for cancer pain towards the end of life and probably for acute pain with injury or pathology. However, for pain without obvious pathology or trauma, addressing elimination of pain may not be right goal of […]
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